Download A Cognitive Neuropsychological Approach to Assessment and by Anne Whitworth PDF

By Anne Whitworth

This ebook offers either a theoretical and functional connection with cognitive neuropsychological techniques to speech and language therapists operating with individuals with aphasia. Having developed from the job of a bunch of clinicians operating with individuals with aphasia, it's a hugely useful consultant that goals to interpret the theoretical literature because it pertains to aphasia and hyperlink it on to on hand review instruments and treatment strategies. the hole element of the ebook presents an outline of the speculation underpinning the technique and the way it may be utilized to the overview and interpretation of language-processing impairments. the second one part deals a operating rationalization of alternative parts of language processing, outlining the deficits which could come up from impairment to every part. additionally, the clinician is guided to on hand tests to check out scientific hypotheses and provided interpretations of functionality styles. the ultimate part presents a accomplished assessment of the remedy literature with systematic summaries of the treatments undertaken and a synthesis of the findings thus far. This ebook has been written by means of clinicians with hands-on adventure. will probably be a useful source for clinicians and scholars of speech and language treatment and similar disciplines.

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Additional info for A Cognitive Neuropsychological Approach to Assessment and Intervention in Aphasia: A Clinician's Guide

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Consideration of performance on, for example, minimal pair tasks discussed above will be essential in determining the contribution of any impairment in auditory phonological analysis to the integrity of the phonological input lexicon. Key assessment areas and available methods Area of assessment Examples of available assessment tools Response type Auditory lexical decision PALPA 5: Auditory lexical decision: Imageability and frequency Yes/no response ADA Comprehension Battery L1: Lexical decision Yes/no response Additional assessment options Area of assessment Examples of available assessment tools Response type Repetition of real words if unable to repeat nonwords PALPA 9: Imageability and frequency repetition Repetition ADA Comprehension Battery L2: Word repetition test Repetition PALPA 3: Minimal pair discrimination requiring written word selection Written word selection PALPA 4: Minimal pair discrimination requiring picture selection Picture selection ADA Comprehension Battery S2: Spoken word picture matching (phonological distractors) Picture selection Picture–word decision test (Howard & Franklin, 1988) Yes/no response Identification of spoken words using phonological distractors (written and picture response modalities) Picture verification of words (phonological real word and nonword distractors) 38 Deficits and assessment Interpretation ✔ Good performance on lexical decision tasks implies that the phonological input lexicon is intact.

His aphasia resulted from a CVA. ES had fluent speech and impaired auditory comprehension. On testing, he presented with a severe phoneme discrimination deficit. His performance was characterised by severely impaired minimal pair discrimination, auditory lexical decision and auditory synonym matching. Real word repetition was as poor as nonword repetition. In terms of the discrimination of CVC words, his errors followed no pattern in terms of site or type of features contrasted. Franklin suggests that this may reflect the severity of the impairment or may be an artefact of the high number of false–positive responses on the test.

Key assessment areas and available methods Area of assessment Examples of available assessment tools Response type Comparison across modalities PALPA 53: Picture naming × oral reading, repetition and written spelling (see assessment of input modalities in Chapters 4 and 6) Spoken and written naming Error analysis of naming As above Picture naming Interpretation (for the semantic system) ✔ Retained word retrieval alongside intact auditory and written comprehension implies an intact semantic system.

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