By John H. Hann
Whilst Spanish and French explorers first landed in Florida early within the sixteenth century, Timucua audio system occupied extra land zone and have been extra various than the other aboriginal team. this can be their first targeted heritage, an enormous learn that locations its writer within the vanguard of Spanish colonial historians operating within the usa. The Timucua are the one local humans of Florida whose language survives in literature in enough caliber and volume to allow major learn. hoping on formerly unused records, this account of the Timucua lines their adventure from first touch with Europeans to their exile to Cuba in 1763 and their ultimate eradication. starting with the query in their quantity and their destinations in northern Florida and southern Georgia, John Hann examines the Timucua's contacts with quite a few ecu teams, beginning with Ponce de Le?n's excursion. He encompasses a unique presentation in their adventure lower than the undertaking regimes, and covers such issues because the Europeans' descriptions of the folk, their language, tradition, and political constructions, the derivation in their language, and the meanings in their placenames and titles. He additionally resolves confusion over the level of the territory of a Timucua subgroup often called the Mocama, and discusses different Florida local peoples who moved into Timucua territory as refugees through the first half the 18th century.
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Additional info for A History of the Timucua Indians and Missions (Ripley P. Bullen Series)
The Utina lived from the Santa Fe River northward into southern Georgia and westward through that territory to the Suwannee and Alapaha rivers. Utina's easternmost village appears to have been at Itchetucknee Springs. Utina's northern boundaries are less certain. A northern tier of Timucua villages in the south Georgia hinterland west of the Okefenokee Swamp may have constituted one or more distinct provinces. A soldier referred to Arapaha as a province in 1630, describing it as bordering on the east with the province of Santa Isabel (de Utinahica) and on the west with Apalachee (Worth 1992a:69).
In the same 1602 inquiry that evoked the two friars' letters cited above, soldiers who testified invariably reserved the name Timucua for the western province of Utina (F. de Valdés 1602). When speaking of the people, Spaniards in general seem to have continued to refer to them by tribal names such as Tacatacuru or Agua Dulce rather than generically as Timucua. As the seventeenth century wore on, the name was used almost exclusively for either Utina Province alone or the three western provinces of Utina, Yustaga, and Potano together (J.
Although Acuera is better known than Tucururu, documentary and archaeological information on it is still scant. Deagan (1978:111) observed that the Acuera "probably occupied the area between the Oklawaha and St. " Although Deagan remarked that the extent of the Acuera's horticulture remains unknown, de Soto was told that Acuera had plenty of maize (Milanich and Hudson 1993:72). He twice sent soldiers to Acuera from his base camp at Ocale to Page 13 gather provisions (Fernández de Oviedo y Valdés 1851:1,550).