By Brad Montgomery-Anderson
The Cherokees have the oldest and best-known local American writing process within the usa. Invented through Sequoyah and made public in 1821, it was once speedily followed, resulting in nineteenth-century Cherokee literacy charges as excessive as ninety percentage. This writing process, the Cherokee syllabary, is absolutely defined and used all through this quantity, the 1st and in simple terms entire released grammar of the Cherokee language.
even supposing the Cherokee Reference Grammar focuses at the dialect spoken by way of the Cherokees in Oklahoma—the Cherokee country and the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians—it offers the grammatical origin upon which the entire dialects are dependent. In his advent, writer Brad Montgomery-Anderson deals a short account of Cherokee heritage and language revitalization projects, in addition to directions for utilizing this grammar. The publication then delves into an evidence of Cherokee pronunciation, orthography, elements of speech, and syntax.
whereas the ebook is meant as a reference grammar for skilled students, Montgomery-Anderson offers the knowledge in obtainable phases, relocating from more uncomplicated examples to extra complicated linguistic constructions. Examples are taken from a number of resources, together with many from the Cherokee Phoenix. Audio clips of assorted textual content examples all through are available at the accompanying CDs. the quantity additionally contains 3 appendices: a word list keyed to the textual content; a typescript for the audio part; and a suite of literary texts: conventional tales and a old account of a seek social gathering touring up the Arkansas River.
The Cherokee country, because the second-largest tribe within the usa and the biggest in Oklahoma, in addition to the United Keetoowah Band and the jap band of Cherokees, have a lot of those who converse their local language. Like different tribes, they've got visible a pointy decline within the variety of local audio system, quite one of the younger, yet they've got spoke back with bold courses for conserving and revitalizing Cherokee tradition and language. Cherokee Reference Grammar will function an essential source in advancing those efforts to appreciate Cherokee background, language, and tradition on their lonesome terms.
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Additional info for A reference grammar of Oklahoma Cherokee
2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 1. 2. 77 3. 1. 2. 3. 4. ……91 4. 93 5. 1. 2. …102 6. ………103 7. 107 30 CHAPTER 2: CHEROKEE SOUNDS AND HOW TO WRITE THEM 1. INVENTORY OF SOUNDS Cherokee has a relatively small inventory of sounds; most of the consonants are familiar to a speaker of English or other European languages. This size of the consonant inventory is typical of languages of the southeast. 1 The vowels do not contrast for nasality, but do distinguish length as well as six different tones. In comparison with other languages, Cherokee is unusual in its scarcity of sounds made with the lips: there are no sounds [b], [f], [v], and very few words with the sound /m/.
One clear exception is with the pronominal prefixes where a long vowel can indicate an animate object. One such minimal pair is given below in (31), for more discussion of vowel length and animacy, see Chapter 4. ’ Short vowels often surface as lax vowels, especially in fast speech. A short /a/ is lax and is similar to a mid-central vowel [ə]. Short /u/ in particular, already not strongly rounded, can also approach the sound [ə]. Short /i/ often surfaces as [I]. Examples are in (32). 32) a. ’ b.
2) that occurs with the third person prefix, the /l/ and 39 /h/ are brought together; as a result, the conjugated verb in (13b) has[ُ]. This sound is written as