By Ronald A. Reis
This e-book tells of the contribution of African american citizens to the reason for the Union within the American Civil battle. at the start kept away from, unfastened blacks and ex-slaves finally donned uniforms and fought in additional than four hundred battles. regardless of blatant prejudice and discrimination, they proved their valour and contributed highly to the good fortune of the Union.
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Extra resources for African Americans and the Civil War (The Civil War: a Nation Divided)
By the end of the war, they had registered fewer than 5,000 black soldiers. As it turned out, the burden of black recruitment was left mainly to USCT officers, much to their annoyance. In the South, where blacks had been Union contraband, such officers or potential officers had mixed success. Black men were all around, and, in many cases, convincing them to go from camp laborers to putting on blue uniforms was not difficult. On the other hand, had such contraband been given better treatment, they might have been quicker to trust recruiters who often promised what could not be delivered.
Compared to what was to come, the losses at First Bull Run were light: 2,708 for the Union and 1,981 for the Confederates. Now, however, public perceptions were changing. Would this war last a lot longer than 90 days? Blacks Need Not Apply It was to be a war to restore the Union, to reunite the country, and to gather back into the fold the 11 Southern states that had seceded, rebelled, and declared their independence. And, at least in the beginning, it was to be a white man’s war. Free Northern blacks, 1 percent of the Union population (210,000), need not apply: Their services would not be required.
Each army, North or South, included a general headquarters, infantry, artillery, cavalry, signalmen, engineers, quartermaster, and commissary departments. From the top on down, the organization ran as follows, though there were slight differences between the North and South: Army Corps Division Brigade Regiment (cavalry) Regiment (infantry) Company Platoon Squad 16,000 men (2 or more corps) 8,000 men (2 or more divisions) 4,000 men (2 or more brigades) 2,000 men (2 or more regiments) 1,200 men (12 companies) 1,000 men (10 companies) 100 men (2 to 3 platoons) 50 men (5 squads) 10 to 12 men Generally, a squad was led by a sergeant or a corporal, both noncommissioned officers.