By D. Riddoch
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Extra resources for Aids to the Examination of the Peripheral Nervous System
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Half of the participants in Shalvi and De Dreu (2014) received oxytocin; the other half received a matching placebo (double-blind, randomized between-subjects). Results showed that when earnings went to oneself only, participants cheated moderately and their cheating was not inﬂuenced by oxytocin. When earnings went to oneself and the two other in-group members, however, cheating was more prevalent and especially when participants received oxytocin rather than placebo. Put differently, oxytocin motivates humans to bend the truth but only when this serves their ingroup and not when it exclusively serves their personal self-interest.