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By H.W. Magoun, L. Marshall

A background of ways neural, behavioural and communicative subdisciplines coalesced in neuroscience to create a promising method of realizing the relation of brain to mind. It chronicles the growth of well-liked centres of analysis and the advance of leading edge gear and ideas.

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Hammond himself studied metabolic processes in the living black snakes that were easily available to him. After leaving the military, by 1860 he had accepted the chairs of anatomy and physiology at the University of Maryland, briefly established a practice of medicine in Baltimore, and had spent some time with Weir Mitchell as well. With their common interest in toxins and snake venoms and similarity in age, it is not surprising that they collaborated scientifically, alternating as first author in two papers presented to the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (1859, 1860) and that they exchanged mutual respect and friendship.

The choice of president of the new society was Professor Leidy, “admittedly the most distinguished scientist of the country identified with anatomy” (Piersol, 1911, p. 71). D. graduate of the University of Pennsylvania in 1844, Leidy was appointed Professor of Anatomy there in 1853, and held the post for almost 40 years. In 1871, with establishment of the university’s “Biological School,” he additionally became Professor of Zoology and Comparative Anatomy. One-third of his 599 publications were on paleontology of North American fauna and secured his international reputation.

Of New England stock, Wilder was born in Boston, gained his baccalaureate at Harvard’s Lawrence Scientific School in 1862, and served as a surgeon-cadet in the Massachusetts Infantry during the Civil War. D. at Harvard Medical School and, for a time, collected brains for Louis Agassiz’s Museum of Comparative Zoology at Cambridge, where his interest in the nervous system took root. On his retirement from Cornell in 1911, at the age of 70, his protégé, Simon H. Gage, wrote: In the almost universal interest in the nervous system at the present time few know that with a prophetic kind of insight Professor Wilder saw that in the progress of anatomy and physiology the nervous system was to play the most important part.

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