By Juan Camilo Conde-Silvestre, Javier Calle Martín
This quantity encompasses a number of papers awarded on the eighth foreign convention of center English, held in Spain on the college of Murcia in 2013. The contributions embody quite a few study issues and ways, with a selected curiosity in multilingualism, multidialectalism and language touch in medieval England, including different extra linguistically-oriented methods at the phonology, syntax, morphology, semantics and pragmatics of center English. the quantity offers a really good stance on a variety of facets of the center English language and divulges how the interdisciplinary confluence of alternative techniques can make clear manifold evidences of version, touch and alter within the interval.
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Additional info for Approaches to Middle English: Variation, Contact and Change
2 pair blankets, 3s. (One coverlet of clouds without tester, 6d. One coverlet with tester, of chaplets and roses, 5s. )’. (5) (b) In coquina sua vnu par rakkes pc vij d vnu par gromes xj d duo spites et vnu bridspite xiiij d vnu gospanne iiij d vnu ffryngpanne vj d duo trevetts viij d vnu gredyren et vnu p potthokes viij d et vnu ffirshouill vj d Et vnu brasspott de cop pond xxij l le l a ij d ob 11 “It will probably disappoint the reader, who looks, as I did, for Inventories as parts of Wills, and for long lists of traders’ goods” (Furnivall 1882: xii).
Catto, basing his observation on manuscripts of varying text‑types, identifies the shift from writing in Medieval Latin or Anglo‑Norman to writing in monolingual Middle English as being an innovation of the generation of the 1380s. He makes the point that it cannot have anything to do with lack of competency in Latin, because Latin tuition and literacy continued for centuries to come (2003: 25; 47). Ingham (2011b) shows how competence in French grammar in England began to break down in the 1370s, based on an analysis of noun gender in contexts involv‑ ing [preposition + article] combinations in the Anglo‑Norman Parliament Rolls of Medieval England database.
In the discussion of the discreteness of codes in modern multilingual dis‑ course, various criteria have been proposed for distinguishing ‘discreteness’ from ‘mixed‑code’ status, such as the meaning intended by the producer of a multilin‑ gual text and the perception by the multilingual recipient, or what should be seen as the language of interaction (cf. Gardner‑Chloros 2009; Auer 1999: 315). Even in the analysis of present‑day multilingual discourse such criteria are difficult to Language contact and code‑switching 29 apply, and some researchers have pleaded for the existence of a code‑switching continuum between distinct languages and a new mixed code, with no clear bor‑ der line between the two poles.