By Marshall Clagett
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Additional resources for Archimedes in the Middle Ages. III. The Fate of the Medieval Archimedes. Part iii
20 F. Ehrle, Historia Bibliothecae Romanorum pontificium, Vol. 1 (Rome, 1890), p. 97, item 612. See A. Pelzer, Addenda et Emendanda Francisci Ehrle Historiae etc. (Rome, 1947), p. 95. 21 Ehrle, Historia, Vol. 1, p. 95, n. 357; Pelzer, Addenda, p. 92. 22 Heiberg, Archimedis opera omnia, Vol. 3, p. LXXX. , pp. LXXX-LXXXI11. All of the evidence is also presented by R. Sabbadini, Carteggio di Giovanni Aurispa, pp. 161-62. He places great stress on one of Ambrosius Traversarius’ letters to Nicolaus Niccoli, dated vii Kalends of August, 1424, in which it is declared that Rinutius confessed that his copy of Archimedes was entitled De instrumentis bellicis et aquaticis ("Rinutius Archimedem se habere De instrnmentis bellicis et aquaticis cum pictura confessus est .
48, item 197). See Heiberg, Archimedis opera omnia, Vol. 3, p. LXXIV. The three works of Eutocius precede the works of Archi medes. I hardly think that this was the order in which Cremonensis made his translations, since in Greek MS A, from which Cremonensis made the transla tions, the works of Eutocius followed those of Archimedes. I think the explanation of the order in this manuscript lies in the fact that when Bessarion received it, it was probably in the form of unbound quires (see above, note 16).
One might well ask why Jacobus left a large lacuna after the above-quoted passage (he omits Gr 1, 2, 21-1, 4, 21) if he had had Moerbeke's translation in front of him, for apparently Moerbeke was able to read MS A more easily at this place than was Jacobus. My answer is simply that this leaf of A, which was probably in bad condition when Moerbeke used it, deteri orated even further in the two centuries between the two translators, and Jacobus felt constrained not to include a translation for a passage he could not read in the Greek.