By William W. Warner
In 1790, occasions marked small print within the improvement of 2 younger American associations - Congress determined that the recent nation's seat of presidency will be at the banks of the Potomac, and John Carroll of Maryland was once consecrated as America's first Catholic bishop. This accident of occasions signalled the unexpectedly very important function that Maryland's Catholics, a lot of them through then 5th- and sixth-generation americans, have been to play within the development and early executive of the nationwide capital. during this booklet, William W. Warner explores how Maryland's Catholics drew upon their long-standing traditions - advocacy of separation of church and country, a feeling of civic accountability, and a selection "to reside at peace with all their neighbors," in Bishop Carroll's word - to take a number one function within the early executive, financing, and development of the recent capital. starting with short histories of the area's first Catholic church buildings and the institution of Georgetown collage, "At Peace with All Their buddies" explains the various purposes in the back of the Protestant majority's reputation of Catholicism within the nationwide capital in an age usually marked via spiritual intolerance. almost immediately after the capital moved from Philadelphia in 1800, Catholics held the primary positions within the urban govt and have been additionally significant landowners, estate traders, and bankers. within the decade earlier than the 1844 riots over spiritual schooling erupted in Philadelphia, the municipal govt of Georgetown gave public money for a Catholic institution and Congress granted land in Washington for a Catholic orphanage. This publication closes with a outstanding account of ways the Washington neighborhood, Protestants and Catholics alike, withstood the centred efforts of the virulently anti-immigrant and anti-Catholic American nativists and the Know-Nothing occasion within the final 20 years ahead of the Civil warfare. This chronicle of Washington's Catholic neighborhood and its significant contributions to the expansion of the international locations' capital can be of worth for everybody attracted to the background of Washington, D.C., Catholic background, and the historical past of spiritual toleration in the US.
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Extra info for At Peace With All Their Neighbors: Catholics and Catholicism in the National Capital 1787-1860
Although once indicted on allegations of aiding the escape of the ship Reformation and its notorious master, Richard Ingle, "the plunderer of St. Mary's," Captain Neale nevertheless contributed enough servants and performed enough good services for the Calverts at home and abroad to merit a manorial grant of two thousands acres near what would later become Port Tobacco in Charles County. Here the family of Captain James and Page 19 Anne Gill Neale prospered. Their children married well, as often to Protestants as Catholics, to such a degree that the Neale family genealogy reads much like a colonial Maryland and Virginia peerage.
As parts were sold off to form the various additions the growing town required the "Beatty and Hawkins Addition," the "Threlkeld Addition,'' the "Peter, Beatty, Threlkeld, and Deakins Addition" John Threlkeld as an only son became a prime beneficiary of Georgetown's short-lived boom period. " 4 From other sources we know also that Threlkeld and his wife Elizabeth kept a fine table and frequently entertained their wide circle of influential friends. Sir Augustus John Foster, an early British envoy who was both an astute observer and a demanding critic of American society, confessed in his memoirs that he occasionally enjoyed pleasant evening parties at the homes of the Threlkelds, the George Masons, the Thomas Lees, and a few other Georgetown families, which he considered "to much advantage .
Carroll first got word of the victory over Philadelphia, or the preliminary decision in favor of the Potomac, while still in England, shortly after his consecration as the first Catholic bishop of America in August 1790. Immediately he wrote Plowden: My letters from America as well as the public prints, inform me that the district, now settled for the future capital of the United States, . . is on Potowmack river. Commissioners under direction of the President are to determine the particular spot .