By Philip Haythornthwaite, Bryan Fosten
The main implacable of Napoleon's continental enemies, on the outbreak of struggle Austria maintained an unlimited military, yet one rooted firmly within the 18th century. Hampered through the inherent conservatism of the hierarchy, the Austrians needed to struggle the main smooth military in Europe. regardless of this the regulars, who have been drawn from many territories below Austrian sway, played with nice self-discipline, solution and stoicism. This name examines intimately the organization, uniforms, deployment and improvement of the Austrian infantry throughout the Napoleonic Wars, protecting Line infantry, gentle infantry, Grenz-Infanterie, Landwehr defense force, and Frei-Corps devices.
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Extra resources for Austrian Army of the Napoleonic Wars (1) : Infantry
G4: Private, Bohemian Landwehr, 1809 The Bohemian Landwehr wore 'Hungarian' uniform 45 pIpmg; white breeches, black gaiters and equipment, and a shako with brass badge and black and yellow pompon. The man illustrated carries a 1784 musket. HI: Jager, service dress, 1809 The lagers were nicknamed 'grey devils' from their pike grey uniform. Their equipment included a powder horn with green cords, and a cartridge box belt with a ring fitting in which the ramrod of the rifle could be carried, to hasten the process of loading by being conveniently at hand instead of being returned to the pipes under the barrel between shots.
Knotel, for example, lists for 1812 the 6th, 12th, 13th and 15th in brown, and the 5th, 7th-gth, 14th, 16th and 17th in white, with facings as above. Issued equipment included a canvas haversack, cloth mittens, and forage cap, but depended upon availability; black leather equipment was often carried instead pf white. COs had leather gloves and sword knots. The traditional short pikes were no longer carried; in 1805 the sharpshooters carried 38 The concept of a national militia or Landwehr was always viewed with unease by the authorities: as Archduke Charles wrote, they were potentially dangerous if the population were disaffected, and 'make it appear as if we have large mas es of combatants and so induce a false sense of security'.
Rose pink; Transylvanian (Siebenbiirgische), parrot green; Banalisten, dark brown; Slavonier (Brooder, 37 sabres on shoulder belts. In 180g their equipment included carbine and bayonet with black leather shoulder belt, and powder horn with tasselled cord. The artillery carried sabres on black leather shoulder belts, though in 1798 had white belts with brass match cases. Officers wore brown uniforms of infantry style, with shakos and black leather sabre belts. Red cloaks were an unusual distinction.