By Gergely Csiky
In Avar-Age Polearms and Edged guns, Gergely Csiky deals a presentation of shut wrestle guns of a nomadic inhabitants that migrated from internal Asia to East-Central Europe. through the overdue sixth – early seventh centuries, the Avars led profitable army campaigns opposed to the Balkan geographical regions of the Byzantine Empire, facilitated via their cavalry’s use of stirrups for the 1st time in Europe.
Besides the category, production thoughts, fittings, suspension, distribution, and chronology of polearms and edged guns identified from Avar-age burials, a distinct emphasis is laid at the origins and cultural contacts of those guns, between them the 1st edged guns with curved blades: the sabres. The social value and, functionality of those artefacts is mentioned with a purpose to position them in nomadic battle.
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Extra resources for Avar-Age Polearms and Edged Weapons: Classification, Typology, Chronology and Technology
The first systematic classification of spearheads was completed in the monograph of the Pókaszepetk cemetery in which they classified these artefacts into four groups based on the shape of the blade, then within these groups they distinguished subgroups by using the proportion of the blade and the socket. 75 Martynovka hoard (only the silver coverings and suspension loops were deposited in the hoard), and the sword blade from Corinth was unambiguously double-edged according to its publication (Davidson – Weinberg 1974, 516).
60 This model is based on an evolutionary approach, and assumed a single-line of development (Simon 1991, 284–285). The swords are one of the best studied artefacts among the Avar-age material culture, with similar analysis not yet undertaken on any other artefact. 61 Formerly these artefacts were regarded as a result of a new wave of migration by the Onogur-Bulgars around 670 AD from Eastern Europe,62 whereas Simon’s studies revealed that all attributes of the sabre were already known in the Carpathian Basin in the first half of the 7th century.
39 Szentpéteri’s thesis was written in 1990 but was not published until 1993–94, in two parts (Szentpéteri 1993, 186–189; Szentpéteri 1994, 231–306). 40 The cadaster of Avar sites or ‘ADAM’ has the same title as Csallány’s work (Csallány 1956). Unfortunately this monumental work recorded Avar age sites only until the end of 1993. It is hoped that a renewed digital version will eventually become available. 41 Szentpéteri 1995, 239–254; Szentpéteri 1996, 151–165; Szentpéteri 2007, 457–497; Szentpéteri 2008, 325–346.