By Dr. Pratima Bajpai, Dr. Pramod K. Bajpai, Prof. Dr. Ryuichiro Kondo (auth.)
Pulp and paper creation has elevated globally and should proceed to extend within the close to destiny. nearly a hundred and fifty five million a whole bunch wooden pulp is produced around the globe and approximately 260 million is projected for the yr 2010. in an effort to do something about expanding call for, a rise in productiveness and more desirable environmental functionality is required because the can also be less than consistent strain to lessen and adjust environmental emissions to air and water. The authors supply up-to-date details on a variety of biotechnological tactics necessary within the pulp and paper that may assist in decreasing the environmental toxins challenge, as well as different advantages. a variety of chapters take care of the newest advancements in such components as uncooked fabric instruction, pulping, bleaching, water administration, waste remedy and usage. The e-book additionally covers the environmental laws in a number of components of the realm in addition to the function of biotechnology in lowering environmental problems.
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Additional info for Biotechnology for Environmental Protection in the Pulp and Paper Industry
New York: WileyInterscience, 1986. 65. Jakko Poyry Inc. Multiclient report. Lindingo, Sweden: 2 1985. 66. Eaton DC, Chang H-m, Joyce TW et al: Method obtains fungal reduction of the color of extraction stage kraft bleach effluent. Tappi J 1982; 65(6): 89-92. 67. Joyce TW, Pellinen J: White rot fungi for the treatment of pulp and paper industry wastewater. Proc Tappi Environment Conference. Seattle,1995. 68. Messner K, Koller K, Wall MB et al: Fungal treatment of wood chips for chemical pulping.
Kirk et al. at FPL showed that aspen wood chips treated with Rigidoporus ulmaris consumed less energy during pulping and produced stronger paper (FPL internal report 1972). Bar-Lev et al. IO showed that treatment of a coarse mechanical pulp with P. chrysosporium decreased the energy requirement (25-30%) for further fiberization and improved the paper strength properties. Akamatsu and coworkers found that treatment of wood chips with any of ten white rot fungi decreased the mechanical pulping energy, and with three of the fungi (Trametes sanguinea, Trametes coccinea and Corio Ius hirsutus),increased paper strength.
Akhtar M: Biomechanical pulping of aspen wood chips with three strains of Ceriporiopsis subvermispora. Holzforschung 1994; 48: 199-202 48. Akhtar M, Blanchette RA, Burnes T: Using Simons stain to predict energy savings during biomechanical pulping. Wood Fiber Sci 1995; 27(3):258-264. 49. Sykes M: Bleaching and brightness stability of aspen biomechanical pulps. Tappi J 1993; 76(11): 121-126. 50. Scott GM, Akhtar M, Lentz MJ et al: Engineering, scale-up, and economic aspects of fungal pretreatment of wood chips.