By Igor Jurisica, Dennis A. Wigle, Bill Wong
Melanoma Informatics in Post-Genomic period offers either the required method and sensible details instruments for reading info within the box of scientific info technological know-how. This, after all, calls for analytic instruments. these instruments are garnered via constructing and assessing equipment and platforms for the purchase, processing, and interpretation of sufferer information, aided by way of clinical discovery. Key demanding situations during this box comprise integrating examine and medical care, sharing info, and constructing partnerships inside and throughout sectors of sufferer analysis and remedy.
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Additional info for Cancer Informatics in the Post Genomic Era (Cancer Treatment and Research)
In the mouse thoracotomy model, mechanical spread during implantation is a possible source of intrathoracic secondary tumor deposits. (4) In the rat model, the ten-fold larger animal size facilitates not only conventional surgical manipulations, such as cannulation, but is fundamental to the model, since the mouse bronchus is too small to accept the tumor fragments that appear to be necessary for expression of the metastatic phenotype. In addition to using human cancer cell lines or their derived tumors for orthotopic implantation, histologically intact fresh, human lung tumor tissue or tissue from metastatic lesions can be orthotopically implanted.
These tools include forward genetic screens, transgenic models, specific gene disruptions and small-molecule screens. By combining carcinogenesis assays, genetic analyses and small-molecule screening techniques, the zebrafish is emerging as a powerful system for identifying novel cancer genes and for cancer drug discovery (Stern and Zon 2003). Some of the advantages of zebrafish include ease and low cost of housing, large numbers of embryos produced from matings, ease of mutagenesis, and external, transparent embryos in which cleavage divisions, gastrulation, morphogenesis and organogenesis occur within 24 hours.
There is increasing pressure on the research community to reduce, or even eliminate the use of animals in research. However, relevant animal model systems provide the appropriate interface between the laboratory bench and a patient’s bedside for continued progress in cancer research and drug development. As in many other diseases, ever more sophisticated lung cancer models will be needed in the future as the complexities of this devastating disease are slowly unraveled. This page intentionally blank Molecular Subtypes of Cancer from Gene Expression Profiling Dennis A.