By Matthew J. Budoff, Jerold S. Shinbane
CT is a correct process for assessing cardiac constitution and serve as, yet advances in computing energy and scanning expertise have ended in elevated acceptance. it really is valuable in comparing the myocardium, coronary arteries, pulmonary veins, thoracic aorta, pericardium, and cardiac lots; due to this and the rate at which scans could be played, CT is much more beautiful as a cheap and crucial a part of sufferer assessment. This publication collates the entire present wisdom of cardiac CT and provides it in a clinically correct and sensible layout applicable for either cardiologists and radiologists. the pictures were provided by way of an skilled set of contributing authors and characterize the total spectrum of cardiac CT. As expanding numbers have entry to cardiac CT scanners, this booklet presents the entire proper info in this modality. A CD-ROM is integrated containing lots of cardiac CT pictures and video clips, delivering the reader with a dynamic primer in cardiac CT diagnosis.
1. Orientation to axial photographs (135 images)
2. Orientation to 3D photos (119 images)
3. Coronary artery calcium axial photographs (2 images)
4. Ejection fraction/short axis (1 video)
5. move time axial photographs and graph (3 images)
6. CT coronary angiography (8 videos)
7. Left atrial 3D anatomy (8 video clips, 1 image)
8. Extracardiac vascular anatomy (4 videos)
9. Cardiac MRI (11 movies)
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Extra resources for Cardiac CT Imaging: Diagnosis of Cardiovascular Disease
The left syringe is for injection of contrast media, which is followed by saline injection from the right syringe. A Y connector connects both syringes to the patient’s intravenous access. 4. Schematic demonstrating a multiphase contrast injection protocol. The delay duration is equal to the peak value time of CT HU at the target structure after contrast injection. A ﬁrst injection phase with a high velocity, 5–6 mL/s, is followed by a lower rate of injection, 2–4 mL/s. The total injection time is equal to the delay time plus the scan time to help optimize vascular contrast enhancement and uniformity between slices.
50. Duerinckx AJ, Urman MK. Two dimensional coronary MR angiography: analysis of initial clinical results. Radiology 1994;193:731– 738. 51. Duerinckx AJ, Urman MK, Atkinson DJ, Simonetti OP, Sinha U, Lewis B. Limitations of MR coronary angiography. J Magn Reson Imaging 1994;4:81. 52. Duerinckx AJ, Atkinson DP, Mintorovitch J, Simonetti OP, Urman MK. Two-dimensional coronary MRA: limitations and artifacts. Eur Radiol 1996;6:312–325. 53. Kim WY, Danias PG, Stuber M, et al. Coronary magnetic resonance angiography for the detection of coronary stenoses.
3. Injector set-up for multiphase contrast injection (Medrad, Inc, Indianola, PA). The left syringe is for injection of contrast media, which is followed by saline injection from the right syringe. A Y connector connects both syringes to the patient’s intravenous access. 4. Schematic demonstrating a multiphase contrast injection protocol. The delay duration is equal to the peak value time of CT HU at the target structure after contrast injection. A ﬁrst injection phase with a high velocity, 5–6 mL/s, is followed by a lower rate of injection, 2–4 mL/s.